I am sorry but I don't know what you mean with "If you browse that page in a browser it should show you the location of the php.ini file being used as well as all the components installed." (I really am not anyone who works on websites a lot). Nonetheless, I have attached a file for you to look at - hope it is what you are looking for!
Besides, for whatever reason, when I now start up Xampp, Apache does not want to start. So, there is no access to Localhost either.
Is there a way you can look at the settings on my computer via Teamviewer or similar?