After looking at the CSS - I figured out my first problem (the # of products, first page, last page links on the bottom not showing). It was using a font color of #fff for some reason. So I fixed that.
My other problem of the product listings not showing the default product option. That's not exactly what it's doing. It's now showing EVERY product and EVERY product option (in the specified categories). Why is it doing that? It should just show the one product (showing the default option) - not every option as a separate product. The regular product results page shows just the one product. Is there some other step I missed?